As graduation season approaches, you may notice more and more ads promoting student loan refinance. You may also receive offers from companies offering to lower your rate on your student loans. What does all of this mean to you? Learn what your options are and create the student loan repayment strategy that makes sense for you.
What is Refinancing?
Refinancing means using a new loan with better interest rates and/or terms to pay off an existing loan. Refinancing is commonly used with home mortgages, but can also be a great option for your student loans. Check out When to Consider Refinancing Student Loans for additional insight into potential reasons you might consider refinancing your student loans.
Who Can Benefit from Refinancing Student Loans?
If your goal is to obtain a lower interest rate and ultimately lower the total repayment costs of your loans, then refinancing is worth exploring. This is especially true if you have older private loans that may have a high interest rate, and you feel you may qualify for a lower interest rate now. Some consumers may also want to lower their overall monthly payment. They can achieve this from either a lower interest rate, or by extending the term (i.e., length of repayment) on their loan. Finally, if you have multiple loans with different lenders or servicers, refinancing combines your loans into one. This means you’ll only have to work with one entity for your student loans in the future.
What Types of Loans Can Be Refinanced?
Most companies that offer student loan refinancing allow you to include private loans and federal student loans when refinancing. (Private loans are loans made by a bank or other financial services provider you received to help fund your education. Federal loans (i.e., Direct Loans, Stafford Loans, Perkins Loans) are made by the government.) To qualify, your loans may need to be in their grace period or in repayment to be included in a refinance loan. That means you need to be out of school when you refinance those loans. You can include multiple loans from a number of different loan holders in one refinance loan. Make sure you know all of the student loans you have, and which company or organization is responsible for servicing those loans before refinancing.
Considerations and Cautions Before Refinancing
While refinancing might sound good to you, there are some things you need to consider.
- Don’t just look at the low teaser rates. The lowest advertised rate is usually available to borrowers with the best credit scores who select the shortest repayment term. These options may not work for your situation.
- Understand who will actually service your new refinance loan. In many instances, the lender you initially work with may not be the organization you make payments to, or rely on for customer service.
- If you are considering including federal loans in your refinance, ensure the benefits outweigh any loss of protections or benefits only available with federal loans. For instance, if you include federal loans in a new private refinance loan, you lose access to income-driven repayment plans and the possibility for Public Service Loan Forgiveness that might be available with your federal loans.
The bottom line is, do your research and understand what course of action is best for you. Each person has unique circumstances and concerns, so refinancing may not always be best.
Interested in student loan refinancing? Take the next step toward lower monthly payments.