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Another new year brings another set of resolutions — many of which involve making new financial goals. Whether you’re currently in school or have been in the workforce for a few years, it’s smart to make these changes now in order to set yourself up for future financial success.

But it’s one thing to make financial goals, and another thing to stick with them. Here’s a few tips to save more money and budget effectively to keep yourself on track throughout the year.

Create A Budget. Then Write It Down.

This is important. Many of us budget in our heads, but don’t take the time to write it down. Dig out your notebook. Then, follow these steps to set up an effective budget that helps you make responsible decisions with your funds.

  • Determine a timeline for your budget — will you track it by week, month, semester, or year?
  • Separate your expenses into categories like housing, transportation, and entertainment
  • Revisit the document on a regular basis to update and track payments

The way you set up your budget is up to you. The important thing is to get it written down.

Wants Versus Needs

Obviously, there are things you need to pay for. Tuition, fees, housing, and food can all add up. The line between “needs” and “wants” can be blurry, so it’s important to clearly define them in your budget.

For example, if you’re paying for a school meal plan, going out with friends is a “want,” even though you need to eat. That doesn’t mean you have to give up eating out or spending money on things you want — in fact, it’s often important to do so!

By determining which expenses are “wants” and which are “needs,” you’ll be able to spend your money responsibly without going overboard.

Financial Goals Quick Tip: Consider giving yourself a set allowance to spend on your “wants.” If you’re saving up for something big, determine which “wants” you’re willing to spend less on each week.

Credit or Debit?

When it comes to the debate between credit cards and debit cards, there’s really no right or wrong answer. In many cases, it’s smart to use both. However, it’s especially important to use your credit card responsibly.

  • Use your credit card for one small charge each month — otherwise, keep it for emergencies only
  • If an emergency does happen, stop your monthly charges and instead use that money to pay off your credit card
  • When using your debit card, keep an eye on your checking account to make sure you aren’t spending more than you have

By handling your spending this way, you can build your credit score without relying on credit card debt to fund all of your wants. Your debit card gives you the convenience and security of not having to carry cash everywhere.

Loans and Financial Aid

Chances are you’ve had to borrow some money to pay for at least a portion of your education. If you’ve taken out a variety of different loans, it can be difficult to keep track of what you really owe.

When you’re considering taking out a loan, it’s helpful to research repayment options to find the loan that is right for you. If you find your payments are too high, you may consider refinancing all your loans into one loan with a potentially lower interest rate.

Setting up your financial goals doesn’t mean sacrificing experiences like going to the movies or eating out with friends. By budgeting and defining your wants and needs, you make smart choices that count.

Want to make another smart financial decision? See how U-fi From Nelnet can help with smart choices about student loans.

You’ve finished off the leftover turkey and dressing and have shifted gears into holiday shopping mode. As another year comes to a close, it’s a good time to look back on how your budget planning went this past year.

After an assessment, you can begin to find ways to improve your financial well-being in the upcoming year. In order to be prepared for a bright financial future in the New Year, it’s important to set your budget, contribute to your savings, and pay down any high interest debt.

Now is the Time for Budget Planning

Do you know how much you spent this year on utilities, groceries, housing, or entertainment? Once you have an idea of how much you’re spending on certain categories, you can estimate your projected expenses each month and use budget planning to find places to cut expenses.

There are a number of apps that can assist you with tracking and categorizing your spending, but you can also do it on your own by entering your expenses into a spreadsheet. If you use your debit card for most purchases, you can use your online bank statement to help you identify your expenses. Don’t forget to account for the cash you spend if you want a true picture of all your expenses.

When setting your budget, you’ll likely have fixed and recurring expenses for housing, transportation, student loans, utilities, and other similar areas. Then, you’ll need to set an amount for variable expenses like groceries, clothing, and entertainment.

Knowing your income each month will help you set goals. If you have a steady job, you probably have a consistent weekly or monthly income and can use that to start your budget. Your monthly expenses should be less than your available income each month.

If this is not the case, you can review your expenses to identify areas to trim back and reduce your spending each month. Once you’ve created a budget, try to stick to it as best you can each month. That way, you’ll stay on track and not get into a position of having to use credit cards or possibly getting behind on some of your bills.

Save, Save, Save—The Sooner You Start the Better

Even if you’re in your 20’s, it’s never too early to include retirement in your budget planning. If you start with small contributions, you can make it a habit and priority. If your employer offers a 401(k) plan and matches your contributions, take full advantage of the opportunity for free money.

It’s also important to set aside funds for unexpected expenses or emergencies. A good rule of thumb is to have three to six months of income in a savings account that you can access for those unplanned events. Not only will this give you peace of mind knowing that you have your own safety net, but it will help you avoid putting large charges on a credit card that will likely incur high interest fees.

Pay Down High Interest Rate Debt

Whether you’re paying off a student loan, a car, or a credit card balance, it’s always an accomplishment to know you have extra income to go toward something else (like saving).

If you can allocate some extra resources to pay down your debt, it’s generally best to start by tackling the account with the highest interest rate. That might be a credit card balance that seems like it never gets smaller because of the interest that keeps adding up each month.

Another goal you might have is to simply pay something off with a smaller balance just to get that sense of accomplishment and then move that money toward paying down other debt. It might make sense to look at debt consolidation or refinancing where you may benefit from paying off higher rate loans or debt with a lower interest rate personal loan. This is especially helpful with high rate credit cards. See our article on using personal loans to cure those post-holiday credit card blues. All of us at U-fi From Nelnet wish you a successful and prosperous new year!

Congratulations! You’re graduating soon and will be searching for your first job out of college. It’s an exciting time in your life. However, if you’re like the majority of college students, you’re also graduating with student loan debt. Now is a good time to make sure you’ve got a plan to manage your student loans after you graduate.

Here are some easy steps you can take to set yourself up to successfully manage your student loans.

First, Identify All of Your Student Loans

The best place to start is at the National Student Loan Data System (NSLDS). You can find information here about all of your federal loans. This will give you all the details you need to understand how much you’ve borrowed on your federal loans. You can also find out who to contact for questions about your federal student loans.

If you used private loans from a bank or other financial entity, check with your lender to make sure you have the correct loan information.

Next, Get an Idea of What Your Monthly Payments Will Look Like

At StudentLoans.gov you can access a repayment estimator for your federal loans that will give you an idea of what your monthly payment would look like under the different repayment plans available. Depending on your individual circumstances, it’s likely there is a plan that will work for you. If you have relatively low debt and a good salary, you may want to pay off your loans ASAP. The standard 10-year repayment term allows you the quickest and lowest cost method to pay off your loans.

If you have a higher debt load or lower income, there are options that base your student loan payment on your income. Income-driven repayment plans are often helpful since they give you a more affordable monthly payment based on your income. You can learn more about these options as well as how to apply them to your student loans at StudentLoans.gov.

For private loans, visit your lender’s website to access repayment calculators. Or, simply contact your private loan provider for additional information on what monthly repayment amount you can expect.

Know When Your First Payment is Due

With federal loans, you have the ability to postpone payments while you’re enrolled in school at least a half-time. This is also true of some private loans. That means you’ve probably not made any payments on your loans, or perhaps you’ve made some small payments to offset accruing interest. You are also given a grace period on your loans. The grace period is typically six months from your last day of school. The last day is usually considered when you graduate or have dropped below half-time enrollment. At the end of that grace period is when your first payment will be due. Make sure you know when that due date is. That will give you plenty of time to prepare and budget for that new payment.

Know Your Options if you Have Difficulty Making Payments and Need Assistance

There are a number of options for borrowers who encounter situations that make it difficult to manage their student loans. Your student loan servicer will work with you to find a solution, but you have to contact your servicer to get assistance. For example, if your income has changed dramatically you might want to change to an income driven repayment plan or adjust the plan you’re on based on your change in income. Additionally, if you return to school, to pursue a graduate degree for example, you can postpone (or defer) your student loans while you’re back in school. Don’t make the mistake of simply ignoring your student loan payments and damaging your credit score.

As you look forward to graduation and starting a new chapter in your life, just remember to do a little planning and research how to best manage your student loans and find the best repayment plan for your situation. And remember, your student loan servicer is there to help you if you have any questions.

Does your January credit card statement have you feeling blue? Find out how personal loans could provide credit relief.

It Happens to the Best of Us

The holidays have come and gone. You may be feeling a bit relieved that all the seasonal hustle and bustle is over. Sure, it may be a bit cold outside. Sure, work is back in full swing. But, things are looking good with your New Year’s resolutions. You’re feeling optimistic and energized.

Then, you receive your January credit card bill. Whoa, the new balance is much higher than you expected. As you go down the list of purchases on your statement you ask yourself, “Did I really spend that much?” You also notice the available credit on your credit card is pretty low. There are some big purchases coming up in your future. You were planning on using your credit card to pay for them. Now, you no longer have enough available credit to pay for everything as planned.

With average credit card APRs over 16%, and many exceeding 20%, you know if you don’t pay your balance in full you’ll be hit with a hefty finance charge, which will be added to your outstanding credit card balance. And even worse, if you’re late making the minimum payment that’s due, you could be hit with a penalty APR, which can be as high as 29.99%.

Personal Loans Could Provide Credit Relief

This is where personal loans could provide credit relief. Unlike a credit card, which is a revolving line of credit, a personal loan is an unsecured loan that doesn’t require any collateral, such as a car or house. Personal loans come with a specific repayment period, usually between 1 and 7 years. Fixed interest rates are more common than variable interest rates, and some lenders will offer you a choice.

The main reason people take out personal loans is to pay off existing debt, such as high interest rate credit cards or loans. Other common reasons include making major purchases, for home improvement projects, for special occasions like weddings, to take a vacation, and to pay off medical bills.

Personal loans can range from as little as $1,000 to as high as $100,000. APRs vary widely among lenders and are based on the borrower’s (or co-signer’s) credit history, annual income, repayment term selected, and type of interest rate chosen. Some personal loans even come with money saving automatic payment discounts and loyalty discounts.

Tip: Some lenders charge upfront fees, which add to the total cost of the loan, so be sure to take that into account before choosing a lender.

A really nice feature for personal loans is how quick and easy the process can be. If you submit a completed loan application, you can receive a decision in a matter of minutes, and if approved, receive funds in your bank account as soon as the next business day, provided your application has no typos or errors.

Now that the holidays are over, you may be suffering from the post-holiday credit card blues. If so, check out a personal loan for credit relief from U-fi From Nelnet’s partner. It just may be what the doctor ordered.

The holidays are over and the new year brings a new semester. For many students, that means a new round of bills and education expenses. That means it’s a perfect time to evaluate your finances and make sure your budget is in the right place.

If you attended college in the fall, you may have relied on financial aid to help cover your education expenses. With a new semester about to begin, you may want to reconsider your options. Many students still owe a balance from fall semester. Meanwhile, others just realized they may need additional funding to help pay for the upcoming semester. Use this time to take stock of your financial resources and make a plan to ensure everything is covered.

Do you still owe a balance on outstanding charges from your fall semester?

You may be required to fully satisfy outstanding charges before you can complete your enrollment for the next semester. Make sure you take care of the previous balance as soon as possible. That way, you avoid any potential delays with your upcoming enrollment. If you didn’t have enough financial aid or personal resources to pay your prior semester’s bills in full, consider a private loan to help cover what you still owe.

Did you apply for financial aid either before or during the previous semester?

It’s always a good idea to apply for financial aid by completing the Free Application for Federal Student Aid, or FAFSA, even if you don’t think you’ll qualify. Not everyone qualifies for grants or other “free” money. But, you may qualify for federal student loans, like unsubsidized loans, which are not based on financial need. You can still complete the FAFSA, even after the school year has started. It’s free and doesn’t take much time, so it’s worthwhile to submit. That way, you’ll know you’re not missing out on any financial aid programs.

What are your education expenses going to be in the upcoming semester?

By January, you should have an idea of your direct college expenses are for the upcoming semester. These education expenses including tuition, books, housing, and other costs. Do you have financial aid that pays for everything, or do you still have a gap where additional money is needed? Make sure you look at your full semester and anticipate all of your expenses. Set a budget so you’ll know exactly what your expenses are. Make sure to keep track of what types of income or financial resources can cover those expenses. Use all the financial aid resources available to you, including federal loans, to help pay your costs of attending college. If you still find yourself in need of additional money, you can explore the possibility of a private student loan and find a solution to help cover your college expenses.

When should you apply for next school year’s financial aid?

In case you missed it, you can now complete the FAFSA starting on October 1 for the following school year. You may only be halfway through the 2018-2019 school year, but it’s already time to submit your FAFSA for the 2019-2020 year. If you haven’t completed the FAFSA for next year, it’s important to get that taken care of as soon as possible. With the earlier submission date for the FAFSA, it’s critical to get your application in as quickly as possible so you don’t miss any priority deadlines for state grant aid or other types of aid that may not be available if you apply too late.

Remember, now is the time to make sure you have everything in order for the current semester and for the next school year.

If you borrowed student loans to help pay for college, you may not be required to make any payments until after you graduate or drop below half-time enrollment. That sounds like a pretty good deal; no payments and no worries while you focus on your studies. But remember, if you take out a federal Direct Unsubsidized Loan, a federal Direct PLUS Loan, or a private loan, interest accumulates during those months (or years) you’re in school and not making any payments. Here are some ways you can save on your student loans while you’re still in school.

Accruing Interest

Interest that accrues on your student loan will typically be capitalized when you begin repayment. That means any accrued interest during those months you are not making payments is added to the original principal amount of your loan. For instance, if you borrowed a $15,000 student loan with an interest rate of 6% as a freshman and made no payments for the four years you were in school, plus your grace period, 51 months would have passed. In this scenario, when you begin your repayment period, you would actually have a balance of $18,825 when you start repaying your loan 51 months later. That’s because $3,825 in interest (also known as capitalized interest) would have accrued during those 51 months and was added to your original loan amount.

In-School Payments Can Help

Now, let’s say you have a part-time job while you’re in school, working 15-20 hours a week to help with some of your expenses. If you could simply pay around $75 a month toward that $15,000 student loan, you could actually pay all the accruing interest (remember, that’s $3,825 total that would have been added to your loan when your first scheduled monthly payment is due). If you’re able to pay $75 towards your student loan’s accruing interest, the total cost you could ultimately save over the life of a 10-year repayment period would be nearly $1,300.

Example

Paying Interest While In School (No Capitalized Interest) Fully Deferred Payments While In School – No Payments (Capitalized Interest)
Original Loan Amount $15,000 $15,000
Interest Accrued During In School and Grace Period (51 months) $3,825 $3,825
Interest Paid During In-School and Grace Period $3,825 $0
Loan Amount When Entering Repayment $15,000 $18,825
Number of Months of Repayment 120 120
Monthly Payment $166.53 $209
Total Interest Paid on Loan (including any payments during in school and grace period) $8,808.60 $10,080
Total Paid on Student Loan (original loan amount plus interest) $23,808.60 $25,080

As you can see from this example, making interest payments while you’re in school and during your grace period can help you save on your student loans down the road. Plus, making payments during your in-school and grace period also gets you in the habit of making payments on your student loan and better prepares you for successful repayment. Remember, this is just an example of borrowing one loan during your freshman year of college. Imagine what the capitalized interest could look like if you borrow each year of college, or what your savings would be by making continued interest payments while you’re in school. You can learn more ways to save on your student loans and get additional helpful information by visiting our student loan resources.

If you graduated from college this year, you may realize just how much student loan debt you have. With the average student loan debt at around $29,000 per student, it can be overwhelming to see that number and you may wonder how you are going to pay it back. Well, take a deep breath: you have several options when it comes to repayment. Don’t hesitate to give your student loan servicer a call because they will help you work through your options. Or, you can also follow these 4 steps to get ready for student loan repayment. It’s important to investigate your options and be prepared. It’s equally important to know a few things you should avoid.

Deferment & Forbearance

Deferment and forbearance allow you to temporarily postpone making payments or can reduce your payment for a period of time. Sounds great, right? So, what’s the problem? Your student loans continue to accrue interest. That interest could cost you thousands of dollars a year, depending on your student loan debt. Don’t delay the inevitable. You will have to pay back your student loans whether you pay them now or pay them later. Deferment and forbearance are great options if you have no financial means when you enter repayment. However, you shouldn’t use them as a way to delay paying your student loans. If you do need to go this route, try to at least make interest payments on your loans. If you don’t, the interest will capitalize leading to higher student loan debt and higher monthly payments once your deferment or forbearance expires.

Don’t Miss Payments

Make your payments every month and on time. If a loan payment is not made by the due date, the loan becomes delinquent until payment is received. Depending on your servicer or lender, this delinquency can affect your credit report as a negative mark, therefore negatively affecting your credit score. In addition, when you miss monthly payments, your payment will double, then triple, and continue to snowball which may put you in a situation that’s difficult to catch up on.

Avoid Scams

We’ve all heard the saying, “if it sounds too good to be true, it probably is.” It may seem enticing to pay a company to handle the stress of your student loans and promise you low payments or loan forgiveness, which are why these companies exist, but you’ll be wasting your money. Student loan servicers and lenders will not charge fees for finding a repayment plan that fits your needs. The U.S. Department of Education offers several student loan repayment plans and loan forgiveness, cancellation, or discharge for certain circumstances, but all of their services are free of charge.

Being prepared for repayment and understanding what you should avoid are two big steps to successfully paying off your student loans. Just remember, your student loan servicer is there to help you. If you need to adjust your repayment plan or just have questions about your student loans, give them a call (844.307.3451).

It may seem as though summer break just started, but with August comes the start of another school year is just around the corner. You’ve probably received your college bill and are starting to make plans to transition back into school. We’ve developed a financial checklist to help you get ready.

1. Save summer earnings for college expenses

Although it’s tempting to spend what you earn, save as much of your summer paycheck as possible for college expenses. If your college bill is covered, you can use your summer earning for books, supplies, and personal expenses while in school.

2. Be sure you have taken all required steps to secure your financial aid

Have you returned your award acceptance and responded to any information requests from your financial aid office? If you are a new federal borrower, you will need to complete federal entrance counseling and sign your loan promissory note. Your financial aid office would have reached out to you with directions and steps you need to take along with completion dates. If you haven’t already, locate that information now and make sure you have completed all the steps.

3. Pay your college bill in full and on time

Most colleges require students to pay bills for the semester in full before they arrive. If you are unable to cover the bill after financial aid is applied, you may still be able to obtain additional student loan funds. Check with your financial aid office for guidance on any additional federal loans you or your parents may be eligible to borrow. If needed, private student loans may also be available to bridge the gap. Just be sure to pay whatever you can before borrowing funds that you will need to pay back later, with interest. Information on private student loan programs can be located on your school website.

4. Look for discounts on books and supplies

Many instructors will provide a list of books and supplies online before school begins. Some schools will also provide links and resources for purchasing used books. You can save money by looking to those resources first before buying your books new. You can generally pick up general supplies like paper, notebooks, pens, etc. more reasonably at home than at school. Check your school’s website to see if discounts are available on equipment like computers and printers.

5. Set up an in-school budget

Whether you’re going to school with money you’ve saved for personal expenses, a family-provided bank account, or with financial aid designated for living costs, you probably have a lump sum which will need to last throughout the semester or even the entire year. Establishing a budget that considers your available funds and your expenses will help you stretch that money over an extended period instead of spending it all upfront. Budgets take self-discipline and planning but they are well worth the effort.

6. Try to arrange for a part-time job now

There are two different types of jobs during college. One is Federal Work-Study, which is included on your financial aid award letter. The other is a part-time job that you obtain on your own. Colleges often help students by posting opportunities on job boards which identify positions as one or the other. You can also look on local jobs websites for part-time jobs. If you apply for jobs now, you’ll be ahead of the rush. You’ll also demonstrate your initiative to prospective employers. When students return to campus, it will be more competitive as many students search for jobs at the same time.

Taking the time to prepare now will pay great dividends later. By taking care of financial matters in advance, you can focus more on your studies and enjoy your time in college.

Special Note: If you have not yet applied for financial aid, you can still complete the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA). Don’t assume you won’t be eligible. If you need help for college, apply! Your time is getting short though, so file the FAFSA as soon as possible to be sure your financial aid eligibility has been assessed before school starts.

You may have heard about private student loans. Some information about private loans is like a Bigfoot sighting. There are a lot of stories, but they often aren’t based on facts. In this article, we’ll look at each private loan myth and give you the facts.

Private Loan Myth #1: Private Student Loans Only Offer Variable Interest Rates

One of the most common myths about private student loans is that they’re only available with riskier variable interest rates. In reality, most private loan providers offer borrowers a choice between a fixed interest rate and a variable interest rate. Depending on your individual circumstances, one may be more appealing than the other. Read more about choosing a variable or fixed interest rate to see what important factors should be considered when choosing your type of interest rate. Additionally, highly qualified borrowers can likely find private student loans with low interest rate options.

Private Loan Myth #2: Private Student Loans Have High Origination or Application Fees

The reality is that most private loan providers currently charge NO upfront fees, also known as origination or application fees. There is no fee to make extra payments or to pay off loans early. Although most loan providers offer loans with no upfront fees, research your options. Be sure to verify any fees or charges associated with loan products.

Private Loan Myth #3: Private Student Loans Require Immediate Repayment While You are Still in School

As a borrower, you have various repayment options offered by different private loan providers. Most lenders have an option to delay or postpone payments while enrolled at least half-time. They also offer a six-month grace period following your graduation or last date of at least half-time enrollment. This gives you the option to not make payments while enrolled in school as long as you are enrolled on at least a half-time basis. This can give you some added flexibility while you are focused on your studies. However, if you can make payments in school, even if only the accruing interest, you can save money and keep your loan costs lower. You can find additional ways to save money on your student loans here.

Private Loan Myth #4: Private Student Loans Have No Deferment or Forbearance Options if You Have Difficulty Making Payments

Most lenders offer options to postpone payments if you encounter some type of financial hardship. (You may want to check to be sure.) Most private loan lenders provide a hardship forbearance to temporarily postpone payments if you find it difficult to make payments.

Many private loan lenders also offer deferments. Deferments can postpone payments for certain circumstances. These circumstances include returning to school, having an internship or residency, or during other approved events. Again, check with your private loan lenders to see what options are specifically available.

Private Loan Myth #5: Federal Student Loans are Always Cheaper than Private Student Loans

As a general rule, explore your federal student loan options first before taking out any private loans. Federal student loans will typically provide you a greater degree of flexibility with repayment options and various forgiveness provisions. You can read a good overview of federal and private student loans here.

However, many private student loans can have interest rates as low as or even lower than federal student loans. Federal student loans also have a nominal origination fee charged to borrowers. As discussed earlier, most private loans do not have any origination or application fees. Several lenders now offer private loans designed specifically for parents for their students’ educational expenses. Parents find these loan options often have lower interest rates compared to federal Parent PLUS loans.

We hope you have a better understanding of private student loans and are better equipped to make informed decisions regarding your education financing options. Research your options to find what works best for your individual circumstances and don’t believe every myth you hear. But, if you happen to see Bigfoot in the cafeteria on campus, snap a pic. You just might be able to sell it and pay off your student loans!

If you’re getting your first student loan or credit card, you’re likely seeing some terms you don’t recognize. A key component of being an informed consumer is understanding all those financial terms. You’ve probably heard an announcer at the end of a TV commercial speed-reading through a bunch of legal terms. We’re going to slow it down and lay out the most important terms you need to know.

Accrue

This is the act of interest accumulating on your principle balance.

Annual Percentage Rate (APR)

APR is a more accurate reflection of the total annual loan cost. It includes the actual interest rate, plus any other incurred charges or fees (such as upfront origination fees). You can find more information about interest rates and APRs on our website.

Capitalization

Capitalization means adding unpaid accrued interest to the principal balance of a loan. This increases the amount of your monthly payments and the total amount repaid over the life of the loan. You can choose to pay the interest as it accrues to reduce or completely avoid the cost of capitalization. The more frequently interest capitalizes, the more you wind up paying.

Cosigner

A cosigner or co-borrower is an individual who signs the loan promissory note with you. They are equally responsible for repaying the debt. Having a cosigner can often help you qualify for a better interest rate. This is especially true if you don’t have established credit or sufficient income. This article further outlines the potential benefits of having a cosigner.

Compound Interest

Compound interest is interest calculated on the principal loan amount, plus any interest accrued during previous periods. For example, if interest is compounded monthly, you would then pay interest on the interest that accrued in the previous month, as well as the outstanding principal. Compound interest can drive up your total cost of paying off debt.

Credit Bureau

A credit bureau is an agency that collects personal and financial information from various sources about consumers. The agency retains information about the types and amounts of credit you have obtained as well as your timeliness in making payments. Your credit card companies and the various lenders which have made loans to you report this information to the agency.

Credit Score

A credit score is a number, generally between 300 and 850, provided in a credit report and used by a lender as a predictive indicator of your likelihood to repay a loan. The credit score may be used by the lender to determine eligibility and set the terms of a loan, such as the interest rate and fees. The higher the credit score, the better. Higher scores will generally allow you to receive better interest rates. Check out our article on understanding your credit report for more detailed information.

Default

The failure of a borrower to repay a loan according to the terms of the promissory note is a default. For federal student loans, default occurs at 270 days delinquent and has a negative effect on your credit score.

Delinquency

Failure to make payments when they are due is referred to as delinquency. Delinquency begins with the first missed payment. Missed payments or delinquent payments will negatively impact your credit score, so make sure you stay current on all payments.

Finance Charge

The total amount of interest that will be paid over the life of a loan when the loan is repaid according to the payment schedule is the finance charge.

Fixed Interest Rate

A fixed interest rate is an interest rate that remains the same for the duration of the loan or credit obligation.

Interest

This is an amount, calculated as a percentage of the principal loan amount, that lenders charge for borrowed money.

Interest Rate

The interest rate is the rate at which interest is calculated on your loans or credit card balance.

Minimum Monthly Payment

The smallest monthly payment amount that can be made in order for a loan account to remain in a current repayment status is the minimum monthly payment. For a credit card bill, you’ll find that paying more than the minimum monthly payment will help you pay your balance faster and likely help you avoid potential rate increases on your credit card.

Origination Fee

The fee you pay and deduct from the principal of a loan prior to disbursement is the origination fee. For federal loans, you pay this fee to the federal government to offset the cost of your interest subsidy. For private loan programs, you pay the origination fee to the lender to cover the cost of administering and insuring the program.

Promissory Note

The promissory note is the binding legal document you sign for a loan, which lists the terms and conditions of the loan as well as your rights and responsibilities. For federal student loans, another name for the promissory note is the Master Promissory Note (MPN).

Simple Interest

Simple interest is interest only calculated based on the principal amount of the loan.

Truth in Lending Disclosure

This disclosure is a statement lenders provide to you prior to or at the time of disbursement of a private loan that lists the lender name and contact information, amount financed, annual percentage rate (APR), finance charge, payment amount and schedule, and total repayment amount.

Variable Interest Rate

The rate of interest charged on a loan changes periodically (monthly, quarterly, or annually) and fluctuates with a stated base index (such as the Prime Rate or a LIBOR index) is a variable interest rate. The variable interest rate fluctuates as the base index changes. So, your monthly payment amounts will increase or decrease depending on if interest rates rise or fall.

Now you have a basic understanding of some of the common financial terms and how they impact you as a consumer. Remember, always make sure that you understand all of the terms and conditions when you take out student loans, open a new credit card account, or take on a new loan of any kind. Reputable companies will be happy to answer any questions you have so that you have a clear understanding of your financial obligations.